IDGenWeb Project

a part of the USGenWeb Project

Ethnic Groups in idaho


This page describes the various ethnic groups found in Idaho and connected to its related resources.

English ()

  • Cornish miners to the Western side &
  • Mormons to Eastern Idaho.


Sheepherders who settled in Southwestern Idaho. The vast majority of the Basques lived in the Boise area were from the province of Bizkaia. Basque names first started appearing here in the late 1800's. Although it wasn't something they did originally, many worked as sheepherders while the English and Scots had lots of sheep and they needed workers. Some also worked as miners and loggers. They're known for their honest, hard-working ethnic. Many Basque came to this area as more work became available.


Early mining areas but few remained.

Coeur d'Alene

Coeur d'Alene Tribe & Indians

Czechs ()

See above map of Czechs general popluation.

Dutch ()

Mostly farmers.


These Gypsy and Traveler cultures include those traditionally known, or referring to themselves as Rom, Romanichels, Cale, Sinti, Ludar, Romungre, Irish Travelers, Scottish Travelers and many others.

For help or advice on researching your gypsy ancestors contact this volunteer,


Silver Valley in the north and Long Valley in Valley County.

French/French Canadian ()

Early miners who later spread throughout the state.

Germans/German Russians ()

Shoshone, Latah, Kootenai, Nez Perce, Bannock, Bingham, & Minidoka Counties.


Kootenai Tribe

Mexican/Other Hispanic ()

Later spread to agricultural areas throughout the state.


Settled in Eastern Idaho, especially the Upper Snake River Valley.

Nez Perce

Nez Perce Tribe

Poles & Slovaks

Sawtooth Mountain Range.

Portuguese ()

Also Lincoln & Gooding Counties.

Scandinavians ()

Panhandle settlements, Bear Lake Valley, Upper Snake River Valley.


Shoshone-Bannock Tribes


Shoshone-Paiute Tribes

Swiss ()

Mostly farmers.

Welsh ( )

Miners, Mormons, & Railroad Workers.

Other Ethnic Groups